Electrokinetic UFO - by Paul E Potter

fig.27 From figs.27(i) and (ii) can be seen the diagrammatic form of a rig made by Thomas Townsend Brown which, according to film footage taken at the time (presumably in the late 50’s) by his colleges, hovered in the air about six feet off the ground when connected up to a high voltage source. There are precious few actual written descriptions of how it worked but it obviously follows on from two of his electrokinetic patents (US patents 2,949,550 Aug 16 1960, and 3,187,206 June 1 1965), but with some useful modifications.

As will be seen below he was on the right track to developing America’s first electrokinetic UFO. In the pursuit of extra ‘anti-gravity’ power Brown charged up a large sphere by streaming electrons off of a focus-rod electrode attached to a positively charged arcuate, or conical, electrode. To this large sphere he attached a rod, and at the end of the rod was connected a much smaller sphere.

He realised that a much smaller sphere attached to the furthest end of the rod would be charged to the same voltage-pressure as the large sphere, but because in the laws of electrostatics of charge density being inversely proportional to radius of curvature the small sphere would attain a greatly increased density of electric charge (compared to a simple rod electrode on its own for instance). With this electronic configuration he greatly enhanced his electrokinetic, or electrogravitic as he called it, effect and proved very effectively that he was able to make a metallic object defy the force of gravity (see Philadelphia Experiment page).

TT Brown’s reasoning behind his method of electrokinetic levitation is to be found in his US patent 3,187,206 where he says, "A force is produced in the direction of one electrode provided that electrode is of such configuration to cause the lines-of-force to converge steeply upon the other electrode. The force, therefore, is in a direction from the region of high flux density toward the region of low flux density, generally in the direction through the axis of the electrodes." And, "Broadly, the invention relates to shaping an electrical field to produce a force upon the device that shapes the field. The electrical field is shaped by the use of an electrode of special configuration whereby the electric lines-of-force are made to converge at a distance from the electrode." (see Ion Kinetics page - and see Electrokinetics page)

A more detailed description of the electrophoretic and electrohydrodynamic forces involved can be found in TT Brown's US patent 3,296,491 (see Electrophoretic Thruster page).

At a Distance From The Electrode

Essentially, Brown observed that the thrust came not from the inter-action of opposite charges of high voltage between two shaped electrodes, but that it came from the high voltage charging of the ambient mediums surrounding the electrodes, and that if the negatively charged ambient medium was positioned some way away from the positive ambient medium (ie the air) then the negative part, with its electrode, would tend to be moved toward the positively charged ambient – by electrokinetic attraction (figs.28see figs 28 (i), (ii), and (iii)).

The continuation of this modus operandi would be that for a craft to effectively use electrokinetic thrust it would need to strip electrons away from the largest area possible surrounding its positive electrode, and propel those electrons as fast as possible, as far away as possible (or even more precisely, as far as possible in a direction directly opposite to that required, in as confined a channel as possible, and at a velocity directly proportional to the speed and acceleration so required).

Brown at one stage, using empirical data, calculated a potential difference between two such ambient fields to be as high as 15 million volts – from a small prototype ‘disc’ model with a power source of just 50 kV (see Millions Volts page, and see Philadelphia Experiment page).

Lazar Beams

Bob Lazar, of the now degraded Area-51, observed NINE different types of ufo craft (see note 18) while he was there. He has already given an explanation of how the craft he worked on, the ‘sports model’ as he chose to call it, utilized various exotic energies.

Particularly interesting in his account was that when he went inside it there was a very obvious lack of sharp edges, "It was beyond being rounded, it was like it was almost melted." And… "It looked like it’s made of wax and heated for a time and then cooled off. Everything has a soft, round edge to it; there’s no abrupt changes in anything. It looked like everything was cast out of one piece." (see note 19). At the end of one of his working days at S-4 he was treated to a special viewing of one of the sports model crafts. He was very wisely told to sit down at a safe distance from the 40-foot ufo to observe it’s behaviour.

"The disc sat out there for a period of time," he explained, " then the bottom of it glowed blue and it began to hiss, like high voltage does on a round sphere. It’s my impression that the reason they’re round and have no sharp edges is to contain the voltage… It lifted off the ground, quietly, except for that little hiss in the background, and that stopped as soon as it reached about twenty or thirty feet. It shifted over to the left, shifted over to the right, and set back down. I mean, it doesn’t sound like much, but it was incredibly impressive, just mind-boggling. It was just magic." (see note 20).

Although I'm quite convinced the sport model works by propagating an electromagnetic 'gravity wave' as Lazar has alluded to in his video (see Gravity Wave Phase page) you could use some of its fundamental characteristics to build a 'less complicated' craft…For it seems to me that you could apply the TT Brown electrogravitic effect to Lazar’s ufo quite easily: Inside what Lazar calls the gravity amplifier heads (see Lazar UFO page) on the upper deck would be charged-particle generators (of electrons). These particles would be pumped through a focus ring stack (what Lazar calls gravity wave guides), which would be made up of alternately polarized electromagnetic rings. The purpose of each of these rings would be to focus the stream of electrons into a very tightly packed beam. This technological field might be likened to that of electron guns or travelling-wave-tubes where hollow hemispherical flux sources (HHFS), or magic igloos are used to create a reversing magnetic field configuration (see note 21), so as to ensure that the charged particles (ie the electrons) form into a tight beam without them repulsing out of the beam. Once the separate beams are ejected from the focus ring stacks the beams are focused together at a point some distance away from the craft, and in the same principle as the TT Brown craft the ambient medium surrounding the beams’ focal point will be charged to a negative polarity. All that is then required to provide movement is to charge up the air surrounding the top of the craft with positive charge.

In fact Bob Lazar does allude to this in a roundabout sort of way (see note 22), in that from the central reactor small amounts of antimatter are radiated up in a special wave through a waveguide so that the anti-electrons (positively charged electrons or positrons) in that wave burst out of the top of the tube and collide with an electrically charged ‘cloud’ of particles. And as in Dirac’s theory of the electron; when an electron encounters its opposite charged particle, the positron, they annihilate eachother – but, because energy cannot be destroyed or created the result is a transformation into an electromagnetic wave…(And that, if there is a powerful enough electromagnetic field, two opposite charges of electricity will be created from it). Presumably, there is also the possibility of a positron-avalanche where, if in the realms of anti-matter there will be the opposite equivalent of the electron-avalanche chain-reaction, which for electrokinetic reactions would be such a useful way of ‘seeding’ the ambient with electric charge with minimal energy expenditure.(see Electron Cascade Effect page).

This same procedure of pushing an electric field forward, into the direction of travel, is seen in the video-films taken of ufo’s flying over Mexico. The British media showed a slowed-down section of this footage which clearly shows a ‘hyper-jump’ action being performed, where a long ‘tube’ masses in the atmosphere a long way ahead of the craft and after the craft jumps to it it sends forward another ‘tube’ for it to jump to that, and so on (see Four Great Primary Forces page). While the pilots of these craft are travelling inside an electromagnetic envelope there would be no air-drag, no G-forces and no stacking of wave-fronts at the head of the craft (as with internal combustion jets), and hence no sonic-booms (see UFO Plasma Engine page).

New Spheres of Knowledge

One of the most un-ufo types of ufo is the orb-sphere which, on the outside is just a round craft about 15 feet in diameter and made out of a silvery-chrome metal with no apparent markings or methods of propulsion - for it looks completely smooth-surfaced and perfectly spherical. From the only available illustration of one landed (fig.29see fig.29) (see note 23), can be seen that nothing at the bottom or at the mid-to-lower circumferences provides a clue as to the thrust it uses. Only at the top are there seven or eight vent-holes. These vent-holes are further described as emitting concentrated streams of light-energy which graduate from faint to thick, light to dark-coloured, and if the illustration is anything to go by the main beams of energy look as if they are each surrounded by a narrow ‘tube’ of what seems to be a confining energy, sort of like a collimator tube that magnetically constricts (coaxially) the main electrical particle flow.

So here we have, again, the provision to project into the air above the craft some sort of energy, and by the look of how all the vent-holes are angled slightly outward it would appear that their individual emission-beams are directed in a divergent fashion so as to especially effect as large a volume of ambient as possible (but not so divergent as to weaken the effect by not forming a coalescence at some finite distance). The ambient in this case would be charged positive while the actual spherical structure of the craft would act as an accumulator of negative charge (see note 24), and so the resulting kinetic effect would be just the same as a conventional TT Brown type ufo. Direction of movement is a simple matter of controlling the ionizing power in each of the beams as a composite whole. This technology of course flies in the face of Science, that is a tad too preoccupied with Newton’s Third Law rocket propulsion which always asks – how much mass is being propelled – to create a propulsion reactive force so as to get a displacement force…But this present time technology is so much more enterprising.

Will The Russians Be First To Sell Tickets

A little earlier than TT Brown were the concerted efforts of Viktor Schauberger and German engineers, in the 1940’s, when Europe was at war. Since the early 30’s Schauberger had been designing various machines that utilized vortex energy and had discovered through vortical hydrodynamics a way to achieve negative-friction in fluid flows, and high-power generation from spirally-rotated fluids. In the late 30’s his ingenuity was directed to free energy and levitational flight. By 1940 he had built a series of small (20 cm to 70 cm) prototypes, mainly from cast iron, heavy-gauge copper and aluminium, and soon after had even formulated the mathematics to explain and quantify his results, with which Schauberger calculated that the thrust from one of his 20 cm prototypes could lift 228 tonnes (see note 25). In 1945 after yet more development one of his larger (50 metre) ‘flying discs’ rose to 15,000 metres in three minutes and flew at 2,200 kph.

One of his small prototypes, appropriated along with many more of his machines by the American forces at the end of the war, and which is now in the possession of Richard C. Feierabend, a former US Navy commander, has recently come to light (see note 26), but there is no significant evidence to show that this realm of electrohydrodynamics was ever progressed in the States.

Another of his designs, however, (or rather a design based upon a post-war Miethe-Schauberger flying disc) (see Schauberger page fig.2) (see note 27) has been under development and construction since the 1940s in Russia (at the Saratov Air Base 400 miles SE of Moscow) and is now known as the Ikee* ‘disc’, which is part of the new Tarélka* project that, hopefully, the Russians will soon sell to the commercial aircraft market (*see note 28).

The reason why mention is made of Schauberger’s aerodynes here is because contemporary reports state that when Schauberger’s discs rose upward, they trailed a blue-green and then a silver-coloured glow around them (see note 29), and there is the account that on one occasion when powered up by mistake one of his 2.4 metre discs shot INSTANTLY into the air, even though it was bolted to a workshop bench with six bolts, and crashed into the hangar roof (see note 30)... THAT is a huge amount of thrust – and from the evidence of these and further such reports I believe that collectively these observations portray the effects of electrical polarization of the surrounding air – and that the thrust came from both air-dynamics AND electrokinetic levitation. And its my opinion that through their inner vortical forces air was sucked into a central low pressure area, into the vortex, and after the processes of implosion, densation, and ionization the expulsed air was polarized electrically opposite from that of the bulk of their metallic discs, thus rendering the ambient below with negative polarity while its metal structure retained an opposite polarity which electrified its surrounding ambient with positive charges. Such an expulsion of air, from the axial spine of a high powered vortex would extend downward as a highly compacted spinning force, like that of a mini-tornado, and while it retained its centripetal induration it would extend far below the craft before it unravelled itself, slowed down, and ionized the air-ambient (see note 31).

Lazar Phaser

The main problem with the electrokinetic UFO is getting the negative ambient field as far away and as quickly away from the craft as possible, or, pushing the positive ambient as far away as possible – or both. The reason why Lazar’s aerodyne has several particle beam generators may be because for a certain configuration of its energy output (see note 32) (Lazar does say there are different configurations, simply because there are different projection requirements needed for different types of manoeuvres it has to make) it would employ what Tesla called ‘scalar wave interference’ so that when the beams were pulsed, where they converged they’d produce another, vector wave, of increased power and velocity (a bit like the Star Wars weapon, or, as in Nature of the aurora ring around the polar regions of our planet where Earth’s magnetic flux lines interact with what are termed ‘lower hybrid waves’ generated in space, and because the two energy waves are angled slightly differently the resulting vector wave energises the charged particles – in spectacular fashion), and, as Tesla once proved if a beam could be made to oscillate a localized area of the atmosphere then an electrification of that ambient would result (see note 33).

And as US Astronautical Science does seem to have a penchant for StarTrekisms, how about them using a collimated polarizing beam from an electro-dynamic craft as a tracker-beam…same principle as above. As an extreme example, take the case of Travis Walton, hit unconscious by a presser beam, again, from a stream of polarized particles while he stood underneath the craft. Then pulling his unconscious body up into the craft with the same beam but using a different phase-angle (which, by the way, probably saved his life for if the craft ‘powered up’ to move away from him at speed the energy emission from it would have severely burned his body... I think the poor guy had quite enough to contend with when he was 'taken up' as it was, with at least an almighty engram to contend with) (for engram see note 34).

If an energy wave can deliver 'at a distance' the required electric field then propulsion is just as simple as...reaching for an apple.

No Need For Combustible Fuel

fig.30fig.32 The ultimate TT Brown ufo structure is to be found in the ‘wide-brimmed-hat’ type, the essence of which is depicted in the Piatan craft seen by one Helio Augiar back in 1959 at Salvador in Brazil (see figs.30 and 31). This design (see note 35), had he incorporated it's essential ingredient, would have been the culmination of all of Brown's work - the electrokinetic ufo (see fig.32).

fig.31 Thus, the Piatan ufo (like many of the derivatives of Schauberger’s discs that came after his prototypes – ie the Schriever discs), is essentially a simple device to generate a cyclonic air flow which polarizes the air and very efficiently thrusts the negative charge to a distant location below the craft, by its vortical spine, while retaining and transferring the positive charge on to the upper side of its metallic structure (and of course to the air-ambient surrounding it).

And to end this page, a short but valuable point made by Viktor Schauberger himself (see note 36).

Hence by altering the inner-atomic structure, we can displace the center of gravity and thereby achieve that which we regard as pure, resistance-free motion; a motion, however, we have for so long not understood, because we ourselves are the resistance, which under the most difficult conditions, has to move itself in order to evolve...

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other pages in this series
Communicate with Author of this series
Electrokinetic UFO
Four Great Primary Forces
A brief descriptional outline of these pages
Rose Flying Saucer
UFO Note Page
UFO Plasma Engine-French physicists
UFO Propagation
The power of the vortex
WITNESSED - Budd Hopkins

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